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Comment: Down with meritocracy (2001) https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2001/jun/29/comment

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"It is good sense to appoint individual people to jobs on their merit. It is the opposite when those who are judged to have merit of a particular kind harden into a new social class without room in it for others. Ability of a conventional kind, which used to be distributed between the classes more or less at random, has become much more highly concentrated by the engine of education. A social revolution has been accomplished by harnessing schools and universities to the task of sieving people according to education's narrow band of values. With an amazing battery of certificates and degrees at its disposal, education has put its seal of approval on a minority, and its seal of disapproval on the many who fail to shine from the time they are relegated to the bottom streams at the age of seven or before."

 ‎· Eivind 1
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https://mokum.place/piggymouse1/1956776

 ‎· Timur 2
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There is a quite reasonable appeal to use random choice, as practiced by e.g. in Ancient Greece (and famously allegedly in Babylon) to assign state officials. It's clearly not optimal, but it's also clearly very hard to game, because it can be made publicly observable and very mechanical. Not that a proper meritocracy won't be more efficient; the problem is that in many cases, we don't have it. We have various skewed kinds, due to class / clan / religion / etc borders, in democracies, we have emotion-loaded voting as a norm (gasp), in pseudo-democracies, we have outright rigged elections. All of these are most likely even less optimal than random choice.

 ‎· 9000 1
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» posted to Eivind and wikituesday

Cagot - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cagot

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"The Cagots were not an ethnic group, nor a religious group. They spoke the same language as the people in an area and generally kept the same religion as well. Their only distinguishing feature was their descent from families identified as Cagots. Few consistent reasons were given as to why they should be hated; accusations varied from Cagots being cretins, lepers, heretics, cannibals, to simply being intrinsically evil. The Cagots did have a culture of their own, but very little of it was written down or preserved; as a result, almost everything that is known about them relates to their persecution. Their cruel treatment lasted through the Middle Ages, Renaissance, and Industrial Revolution, with the prejudice fading only in the 19th and 20th centuries."

 ‎· Eivind
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All burgers now impossible to eat https://www.thedailymash.co.uk/news/society/all-burgers-now-impossible-to-eat-20170831134933

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"IT IS no longer possible to buy a burger you can fit in your mouth, it has been confirmed."

 ‎· Eivind 9
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Burger fan Roy Hobbs said: “I liked it when you could go to a restaurant and eat a burger with dignity. It’s hard to impress a date when you’re constantly retrieving greasy jalapeno pepper from your groin.”

 ‎· Halil 1
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Jenny & Dom enjoying one of nature's water slides :)

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Food for thought: Reciprocity, not tolerance, is the basis of healthy societies https://aeon.co/essays/reciprocity-not-tolerance-is-the-basis-of-healthy-societies

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"Following Marcuse, in the 1960s the New Left asked if the idea of tolerance – especially of speech and political diversity – served only to shield governments, corporations and the elite in continuing policies of economic and racial oppression. More recently, a school of international-relations scholarship has emerged emphasising how the foreign policy guiding Western governments now divides the world between the tolerant and the intolerant in much the same way that it has always distinguished between the civilised (whites) and the barbaric (everyone else). Even so, the question of how tolerance – religious tolerance in particular – could be a tool of domination strikes many people as counterintuitive or perverse. Tolerance is deeply rooted in the canon of apparent modern ideals: as an inherent good, a necessary individual ethic, a pillar of Western civilisation and proof of its superiority."

 ‎· Eivind 1
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"Yet tolerance, as an idea and an ethic, obscures the interaction between individuals and groups on both a daily basis and over the longue durée; the mutually reinforcing exchange of culture and ideas between groups in a society is missing in the idea of tolerance. Groups do not interact in isolation, they share reciprocally, sometimes intentionally and sometimes inadvertently. If it is true that a global society exists, what its best parts embody today is not tolerance, but reciprocity, the vital and dynamic relationship of mutual exchange that occurs every day between individuals and groups within a society. For teachers, journalists and politicians to begin to speak in terms of reciprocity instead of tolerance will not do away with intolerance or prejudice. But words are important and, as much as they reflect our thoughts, they also shape how we think. Idealising tolerance embeds dominance. Speaking in terms of reciprocity instead of tolerance would both better reflect what peaceful societies look like, and also tune people’s minds to the societal benefits of cultural exchange."

 ‎· Eivind 1
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The khipu code: the knotty mystery of the Inkas’ 3D records – Manuel Medrano & Gary Urton | Aeon Ideas https://aeon.co/ideas/the-khipu-code-the-knotty-mystery-of-the-inkas-3d-records

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"The Inkas managed to centralise and collapse mathematics, language, accounting and history into a durable and portable recording device."

 ‎· Eivind
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Gabriel and Dom on the big chair :)

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New art in the neighborhood. Saw this one for the first time today on the way to the municipal pool.

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steampunk?

 ‎· Halil
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@halil: It looks a bit steampunk-y. I found a rusty old gravity racer in another location. They're advertising for some exhibition taking place over the weekend.

 ‎· Eivind
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Australian names for beer glasses ^______^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beer_in_Australia#Beer_glasses

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Was trying to figure out why they keep serving me tiny "pints" in Adelaide. Thought they might be using the US pint, but it turns out it's an even smaller one that appears to be part of no system outside of the South Australia Beer Glass System :)

 ‎· Eivind 1
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I can’t blame you.

 ‎· Micah
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Archaeologists uncover remains of man crushed while fleeing Pompeii https://edition-m.cnn.com/2018/05/29/health/pompeii-victim-crushed-rock-eruption-intl-trnd/index.html?utm_content=2018-05-29T17:33:19&utm_source=twCNN&utm_term=image&utm_medium=social

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"A man managed to escape the first eruptive fury of Vesuvius in A.D. 79, only to be crushed beneath a block of stone hurled by an explosive volcanic cloud, new excavations at the site suggest."

 ‎· Eivind 1
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I covered my eyes when I passed the remains of the mother/child at the BM, I found it too uncomfortable to look but I did catch a glance, they intentionally put them at the very end of the exhibition!

 ‎· Halil
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King James I of England, A Counterblaste to Tobacco https://www.laits.utexas.edu/poltheory/james/blaste/blaste.html

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"The other argument drawen from a mistaken experience, is but the more particular probation of this generall, because it is alleaged to be found true by proofe, that by the taking of Tobacco divers and very many doe finde themselves cured of divers diseases as on the other part, no man ever received harme thereby. In this argument there is first a great mistaking and next a monstrous absurditie. For is it not a very great mistaking, to take Non causam pro causa, as they say in the Logicks? because peradventure when a sicke man hath had his disease at the height, hee hath at that instant taken Tobacco, and afterward his disease taking the naturall course of declining, and consequently the patient of recovering his health, O then the Tobacco forsooth, was the worker of that miracle. [...] But by the contrary, if a man smoke himselfe to death with it (and many have done) O then some other disease must beare the blame for that fault. So doe olde harlots thanke their harlotrie for their many yeeres, that custome being healthfull (say they) ad purgandos Renes, but never have minde how many die of the Pockes in the flower of their youth. And so doe olde drunkards thinke they prolong their dayes, by their swinelike diet, but never remember howe many die drowned in drinke before they be halfe olde.

 ‎· Eivind 1
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X__________________________________________X

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Can't stop laughing

 ‎· Eivind
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@pete @halil: Earlier this month there was a truck overturn on a highway. The truck was carrying liquid chocolate. It took every ounce of discipline I had not to tweet “Finally! The Hershey Highway we’ve heard so much about!”

 ‎· Spidra Webster 3
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Today I watched a Laughing Kookaburra beat a little bird to pulp against the branch it was sitting on before it swallowed it whole. Here it is taking a breather mid bashing.

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Ping @dendroica :)

 ‎· Eivind
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@ricercar: 'Смеющаяся кукабара' will be my new Russian catch phrase :)

 ‎· Eivind 7
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Seaside

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Look at the pretty little seashells :)

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Why we should bulldoze the business school https://www.theguardian.com/news/2018/apr/27/bulldoze-the-business-school?CMP=share_btn_tw

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"If we educate our graduates in the inevitability of tooth-and-claw capitalism, it is hardly surprising that we end up with justifications for massive salary payments to people who take huge risks with other people’s money. If we teach that there is nothing else below the bottom line, then ideas about sustainability, diversity, responsibility and so on become mere decoration. The message that management research and teaching often provides is that capitalism is inevitable, and that the financial and legal techniques for running capitalism are a form of science. This combination of ideology and technocracy is what has made the business school into such an effective, and dangerous, institution."

 ‎· Eivind
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Happy May Day :)

 ‎· Eivind 2
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The Life and Death of North Africa's First Superstar https://www.historytoday.com/chris-silver/life-and-death-north-africas-first-superstar

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"Habiba Messika’s story is that of an Arabic-singing Jewish star, as comfortable in her blended identity as her mixed audiences of Jews and Muslims. Her legacy is that of an interwar Tunisian nationalist who was equally at ease playing the role of Romeo on stage as she was dressing as a flapper off it."

 ‎· Eivind
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"Messika made dozens of records for Pathé, including some of the era’s most popular and ribald Egyptian songs, such as Sayyid Darwish’s ‘Harrag Alaya Baba Ma Rouhchi Cinéma’ (‘My father didn’t let me go to the cinema’) and ‘Cham el Cocaine’ (‘Snorting Cocaine’), Tunisian folklore and the lighter pieces of the Andalusian repertoire, a classical genre inspired by Islamic Spain. Her voice – crisp, clear, smooth and sensual – captivated her audiences. She became known as the ‘queen of musical ecstasy’. Habib Bourguiba and other ‘soldiers of the night’ were infatuated with the young Jewish superstar, though they were taken by more than just her voice. The few surviving headshots of Messika show a young Tunisian woman who dazzled in black and white. She was a flapper, the likes of which few in the region had seen before."

 ‎· Eivind
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"In a letter written to the executives at Baidaphon, Messika regarded her recordings for the label as ‘better than anything I have recorded previously’. She was especially taken by Baidaphon’s foray into electric recording, which, unlike acoustic techniques, allowed for the unparalleled reproduction of her voice and multi-tonal sounds of her instrumentalists. But recording in Berlin had another advantage: she could do so away from the watchful eye of the French authorities. While she continued to make records with suggestive titles, like ‘Ala sirir el nom’ (‘On my bed, spoil me’), she also recorded a number of marches dedicated to King Fuad in Egypt, King Faysal in Iraq and the Bey of Tunis, Muhammad VI, as well as anthems extolling Egypt and Syria. With Baidaphon, Messika seemed to strike a nationalist rallying cry. At the end of one such recording, ‘King Fuad’s March’, Messika and her orchestra could even be heard shouting ‘Long live the King’ and ‘Long live Egypt’ alongside thunderous applause. Hearing of Egyptian sovereigns and sovereignty, Tunisians could imagine their own. This record and others in a similar style would be her most popular in terms of sales."

 ‎· Eivind
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Neandertals, Stone Age people may have voyaged the Mediterranean "Island finds suggest surprisingly early seafaring, perhaps earlier than 130,000 years ago" https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/04/neandertals-stone-age-people-may-have-voyaged-mediterranean

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'The finds strongly suggest that the urge to go to sea, and the cognitive and technological means to do so, predates modern humans, says Alan Simmons, an archaeologist at the University of Nevada in Las Vegas who gave an overview of recent finds at a meeting here last week of the Society for American Archaeology. “The orthodoxy until pretty recently was that you don’t have seafarers until the early Bronze Age,” adds archaeologist John Cherry of Brown University, an initial skeptic. “Now we are talking about seafaring Neandertals. It’s a pretty stunning change.”'

 ‎· Eivind
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» posted to Eivind and wikituesday

Albanian sworn virgins - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albanian_sworn_virgins

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"The tradition of sworn virgins in Albania developed out of the Kanuni i Lekë Dukagjinit (English: The Code of Lekë Dukagjini, or simply the Kanun),[3] a set of codes and laws developed by Lekë Dukagjini and used mostly in northern Albania and Kosovo from the 15th century until the 20th century. The Kanun is not a religious document – many groups follow it, including Albanian Orthodox, Catholics and Muslims.[4] The Kanun dictates that families must be patrilineal (meaning wealth is inherited through a family's men) and patrilocal (upon marriage, a woman moves into the household of her husband's family).[5] Women are treated like property of the family. Under the Kanun women are stripped of many rights. They cannot smoke, wear a watch, or vote in their local elections. They cannot buy land, and there are many jobs they are not permitted to hold. There are also establishments that they cannot enter.[4][6] The practice of sworn virginhood was first reported by missionaries, travelers, geographers and anthropologists who visited the mountains of northern Albania in the 19th and early 20th centuries."

 ‎· Eivind
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here is a short and nice video: https://youtu.be/W2xU-uXnbQY

 ‎· nomnomski 3
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@nomnomski: Thanks. It's a fascinating custom.

 ‎· Eivind 1
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Look at the pretty little church we found in the back country. Nittedal Church, it was called :)

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A very good piece on the current state of Norwegian politics: The Fall of the Norwegian Trump https://jacobinmag.com/2018/04/norway-far-right-sylvi-listhaug-immigration

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"Listhaug belongs to the Progress Party (FrP), a right-wing formation with a history of dog-whistling and blatant racism that has been in government since 2013 with the conservative-right party Høyre. For a long time the Norwegian establishment refused to collaborate with the FrP, seeing it as too extreme. They changed their mind out of electoral expediency. Needing votes to secure a majority, right-wing parties invited the FrP into the mainstream tent and welcomed their collaboration. Since then, mainstream right parties have assured the public that the Norwegian populist right is not like it is in others parts of Europe — it’s milder and moderate, less historically noxious. While the Sweden Democrats have an outright Nazi past, the FrP’s roots are in an anti-tax liberal party. Yet it might be fair to ask if we have not been fooling ourselves that we have the cleanest oil, the nicest fjords, and the sweetest far-right politicians on the continent. It’s been just thirty years since Carl I Hagen, the leader of the FrP at the time, forged a letter from a Muslim living in Norway and used it to claim that Islam was taking over the country. In the decades since, the FrP’s bread and butter has been pushing anti-immigrant policies and stoking anti-Muslim fear. The two leaders throughout those years, Hagen and Siv Jensen, have been known for their bigoted statements. And then Sylvi Listhaug came along."

 ‎· Eivind
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"The so-called moderate right has shown itself quite willing to protect the far right in order to stay in power. Prime Minister Erna Solberg thanked Listhaug for her service, said she was welcome back in the government at a later date, and tried to downplay Listhaug’s responsibility by claiming that extreme rhetoric abounds “on all sides.”"

 ‎· Eivind 2
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After Enoch http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/resources/idt-sh/after_enoch_powell

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'Five decades on from his speech, some of Powell's ideas have taken hold in mainstream politics, according to Dr Hirsch. "The idea of 'immigration numbers' that simply need to be 'controlled' was once seen as an attack on people's rights," she says. "It is now accepted within mainstream politics, and support for these immigration controls pushes ideas of nationalism and hierarchies of who is and isn't allowed into the country that are often connected with race."'

 ‎· Eivind
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'For Dr David Wearing, an academic at Royal Holloway, University of London, Powell's speech was a very early example of a modern phenomenon, what he describes as "a racist member of the elite hiding behind the the white working class". "Read the full text of Rivers of Blood and what strikes you is the sheer familiarity of it. "Among other things, it falsely associates hostility to immigrants with the working classes alone, contrasting their supposedly legitimate concerns with those of an out-of-touch liberal elite."'

 ‎· Eivind
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Happy birthday, @tinypants! I hope it's a great one :)

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HAPPY BIRTHDAY, HOOKUH!

 ‎· MoTO Babycakes 3
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Happy Birthday!

 ‎· Brixie 1
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We should give all 25-year-olds a universal inheritance of at least £10,000 to reduce wealth inequality https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/universal-minimum-inheritance-citizens-wealth-fund-norway-oil-revenue-inequality-a8284691.html

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"We calculate that a fund worth enough to pay a £10,000 dividend to all 25-year olds from 2030 could be capitalised through a mix of existing assets, new taxes on wealth, royalties from future public assets such as spectrum sales and some borrowing. In particular, there is a strong argument that inheritance tax should be reformed to be less easily avoidable and to raise more money, which could be invested in a fund that would generate an inheritance for everybody."

 ‎· Eivind
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note the picture, they are all laughing...which is what the R are doing when reading this!

 ‎· Halil
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» posted to Eivind and history

How to change the course of human history https://www.eurozine.com/change-course-human-history/

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"The story we have been telling ourselves about our origins is wrong, and perpetuates the idea of inevitable social inequality. David Graeber and David Wengrow ask why the myth of 'agricultural revolution' remains so persistent, and argue that there is a whole lot more we can learn from our ancestors."

 ‎· Eivind
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dunyadanceviri diye bir site var ama yazılar okunuyor mu bilmiyorum.

 ‎· fax

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