https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/05/us/tulsa-race-massacre-mass-grave.html Nearly 100 Years After Tulsa Massacre, City Plans to Search Cemetery for Victims "In one of the worst instances of racist violence in American history, a group of white people slaughtered black residents of Tulsa. For decades, city leaders rarely acknowledged it in public."
https://apnews.com/9a6e8dba84ffd72d0a3fc7d66825781b 'Black in Space' looks at final frontier of civil rights "ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. (AP) — In 1959, Ronald Erwin McNair walked into a South Carolina library. The 9-year-old aspiring astronaut wanted to check out a calculus book, but a librarian threatened to call the police if he didn’t leave. McNair was black."
Years later, McNair was selected to become only the second African American to travel to space, overcoming segregation, poverty, and stereotypes in an intellectual act of resistance that inspired a generation. Tragically, McNair died in the 1986 Space Shuttle Challenger tragedy.· Halil
McNair’s story and those of other black astronauts are shared in a new documentary that looks at the final frontier of civil rights: getting black astronauts into space amid Jim Crow, danger, discrimination and the Cold War. Within four generations, they went from slavery to space.· Halil
“Black in Space: Breaking the Color Barrier,” scheduled to air Monday on the Smithsonian Channel, examines the race to get black astronauts into the heavens while fighting for human rights onEarth.It shows how the astronauts surmounted racial barriers and hostile commanders to get close to the stars.· Halil
https://www.theguardian.com/culture/2020/feb/23/tibetan-objects-made-of-human-remains-to-go-on-show-at-british-museum-tantric-buddhism Tibetan objects made of human remains to go on show at British Museum "Curator hopes inclusion of such sensitive items from Tantric Buddhism will demystify them" (by Mark Brown)
Objects made from human remains, often labelled in the west as examples of witchcraft or necromancy, are to go on display for the first time at the British Museum with the hope they will finally be seen in their true light.· Halil
The museum is to display Tibetan objects, which include a drum made from the tops of two skulls; a trumpet made from a hollowed out thighbone; a ritual cup made from a skull and an apron of intricately carved human bone.· Halil
To British colonial officials and missionaries in the 19th and early 20th centuries, such items were morbid examples of devil worship. To Tibetans they were objects used to celebrate life.· Halil
Imma Ramos, the curator of the museum’s forthcoming exhibition on Tantra, hopes that by displaying such sensitive objects it will demystify them.· Halil
The objects shine light on how, in Tantric Buddhist practice, life is conceived as a preparation for death. “There is nothing nihilistic about that,” said Ramos. “It is very much celebrating life. It is a much more positive, holistic attitude to death which is very different to the west where there is a very negative mindset around mortality.”· Halil
https://www.ancient-origins.net/news-history-archaeology/roman-amphorae-0013326 Hundreds of Roman Wine Amphorae Found in Underwater Cave "Marine archaeologists have made an amazing discovery in an underwater cave in the Spanish Balearic Islands. They found a large number of amphorae in the cave, which were apparently deliberately deposited in the cavern."
https://militaryhistorynow.com/2020/02/03/before-mulan-meet-lady-fu-hao-chinas-original-warrior-heroine/ Before Mulan – Meet Lady Fu Hao, Ancient China’s Original Warrior Heroine - MilitaryHistoryNow.com "“She would take part in numerous campaigns, and even enjoyed the distinction of commanding the largest army in ancient Chinese history.” Mulan is back. The live action remake of Disney’s popular 1998 animated feature, which hits theatres this spring, tells…Read more →"
https://militaryhistorynow.com/2018/05/08/combat-high-a-sobering-history-of-drug-use-in-wartime/ Combat High – How Armies Throughout History Used Drugs to Make Soldiers Fight - MilitaryHistoryNow.com "“Drugs and warfare have always gone hand in hand – from Homeric warriors drinking wine and taking opium to Wehrmacht troops popping methamphetamines.” By Lukasz Kamienski
Food of the Enslaved: Barbecue, featuring Michael Twitty "New Instagram - @18thcenturycooking This video is the second of a series that focuses on historic foods of the enslaved African community of North America." https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GwkRWIwZ43A
https://hiplatina.com/ancient-mexican-recipes-online/ Hand-Written Ancient Mexican Recipes Can Now Be Accessed Online | HipLatina "Imagine if you had access to the recipes of your ancestors. If you think Mexican food is delicious now, just imagine what it tasted like back in the day. Thanks to a special collection at the University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) library, these ancient Mexican recipes are now at our fingertips."
Maggie Delaney: Her Story - Feature Length "For years, Carol has been researching and mastering her live performances of fictional character Maggie Delaney, an Irish indentured servant who gains passage to the new world, only to lose her family in the process. Townsends is proud to present the telling of this story." https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jqOgWngL5aY
http://auschwitz.org/en/museum/about-the-available-data/prisoners-photos Prisoners photos / About the available data / Museum / Auschwitz-Birkenau (by www.auschwitz.org)
Preservation Wilhelm Brasse and Bronisław Jureczek, the prisoners from the photo laboratory, helped to save the photographs. In January 1945, during the evacuation of the camp, they were ordered to burn the entire photo-documentation. Their work was supervised by Bernhard Walter, the head of Erkenundienst. While destroying the documents, they put wet photo paper in the furnace first and a great number of photos and negatives. Such a vast amount of material prevented the smoke from escaping and the fire went out quickly. When Walter left the laboratory, Brasse and Jureczek retrieved the undestroyed photographs from the furnace. They scattered some of them in the rooms of the laboratory. Before the evacuation, they boarded up the door to the laboratory to prevent unauthorised access. 38,916 photographs were saved.· Halil
https://heraldica.hypotheses.org/6777 Three Dynasties, One Armorial: Cranachs, Wettins and Habsburgs in Manchester, John Rylands Library, German MS. 2 "Manchester’s John Rylands Library is the custodian of a high-quality sixteenth-century German armorial (available online) which has only recently been studied in detail for the first time. In an article for the latest issue of the Bulletin of the John Rylands Library1 I have advanced three main hypotheses concerning the genesis of German MS. 2 (henceforth Rylands German 2): that it was produced in 1565 in the renowned Wittenberg workshop of Lucas Cranach the Younger."
https://twitter.com/Halil_In_Space/status/1228988488978227200 RT @Halil_In_Space: “What would science have been like without WWII mass Jewish immigration escaping persecution? Britain/America got quite a few, where else did they go? Apart from Germany/Austria what were the other countries that persecuted them? 1/2 #science #history #WWII”
https://twitter.com/Halil_In_Space/status/1228988502697816065 RT @Halil_In_Space: “What advances were made that would not have been possible without them? Did the female scientists get the freedom to research/study & "recognition" for their work? Did they get their research hijacked by male scientists? I would like to know, thanks! 2/2 #science #history #WWII”· Halil
https://www.medievalists.net/2020/02/guide-arthurian-literature/ A Guide to Arthurian Literature "This week is all about King Arthur and his Knights on The Medieval Podcast."
https://www.reddit.com/r/todayilearned/comments/f3lrfy/til_in_1911_there_was_a_baseball_team_made_up_of/?utm_medium=android_app&utm_source=share r/todayilearned - TIL in 1911 there was a baseball team made up of death row inmates who had been told that as long as they kept wining games, their executions would be delayed. "14,139 votes and 645 comments so far on Reddit"
https://www.androidauthority.com/best-history-podcasts-1079643/ The 10 best podcasts about history to listen to right now "We've come a long way since the days of boring history lectures in school."
for the sporty Mokumers: The 30 for 30 Podcast, from the makers of the acclaimed 30 for 30 documentary series from ESPN, tells the stories of some of sports’ most fascinating and controversial figures in recent history. Previous installments are a mix of one-off shows and short-run series. Even if you’re not much of a sports fan you’ll still find a lot to enjoy, from the history of Bikram yoga to the shocking 1990 scandal that led to Chile’s temporary ban from the World Cup.· Halil
https://metro.co.uk/2020/02/03/family-fined-deliberately-destroying-800-year-old-medieval-ruins-12175047/ Family deliberately destroyed 800-year-old monument in their horse field "‘This cynical act of cultural vandalism has caused irreparable damage to a protected historic site of national importance.'"
https://www.washingtonpost.com/history/2020/02/11/black-soldiers-wwii-dutch-liberation/ The black liberators who helped defeat the Nazis and free the Dutch get their due "“We will never forget,” vow the Dutch, who honored African American soldiers last week at the Embassy of the Netherlands in Washington."
https://www.reddit.com/r/todayilearned/comments/ezuu1s/til_that_chinese_billionaires_are_trying_to/?utm_source=reddit-android r/todayilearned - TIL that Chinese billionaires are trying to "return" China's lost cultural artefacts that were looted from the country by colonial powers in the 19th Century. Their efforts range from "buying back" said artefacts to hiring thieves to steal them away from museums and private collections. "7,312 votes and 527 comments so far on Reddit"
https://www.theguardian.com/science/2020/feb/06/boardgame-piece-first-viking-raid-found-lindisfarne-archaeology Board-game piece from period of first Viking raid found on Lindisfarne "Small glass ‘crown’ thought to be rare archaeological link to first Norse raiders" (by Esther Addley)
It is not large – the shape and size of a chocolate sweet – and might easily have been discarded as a pebble by a less careful hand.· Halil
But a tiny piece of worked glass unearthed during an excavation on Lindisfarne has been revealed to be a rare archaeological treasure linking the Northumbrian island with the Vikings, from the very beginning of one of the most turbulent periods in English history.· Halil
Archaeologists believe the object, made from swirling blue and white glass with a small “crown” of white glass droplets, is a gaming piece from the Viking board game Hnefatafl, or a local version of the game.· Halil
https://www.cinemablend.com/news/2489534/the-hamilton-movie-is-happening-but-not-how-youd-think The Hamilton Movie Is Happening Thanks To Disney, But Not How You’d Think "The world turned upside down."
https://aleteia.org/2020/02/03/new-technology-helps-experts-analyze-ancient-handwriting/ New technology helps experts analyze ancient handwriting "Over 100 years ago, archaeologist George Andrew Reisner stumbled upon a treasure trove of more than 100 pottery fragments, which were covered in Hebrew script. Dated between 850 BC and 750 BC, thes…" (by J-P Mauro)
February 4th, 1789 1st US electoral college chooses George Washington as President and John Adams as Vice-President
The 1788–89 United States presidential election was the first quadrennial presidential election. It was held, from Monday, December 15, 1788 to Saturday, January 10, 1789, under the new Constitution ratified in 1788. George Washington was unanimously elected for the first of his two terms as president, and John Adams became the first vice president. This was the only U.S. presidential election that spanned two calendar years (1788 and 1789). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1788–89_United_States_presidential_election· Halil
Voter turnout comprised a low single-digit percentage of the adult population. Though all states allowed some rudimentary form of popular vote, only six ratifying states allowed any form of popular vote specifically for Presidential electors. In most states only white men, and in many only those who owned property, could vote. Free black men could vote in four Northern states, and women could vote in New Jersey until 1807.· Halil 1
In some states, there was a nominal religious test for voting. For example, in Massachusetts and Connecticut, the Congregational Church was established, supported by taxes. Though such tests and establishments were outlawed by the new federal Constitution, the constitution did not give the courts power to eliminate unconstitutional laws (Marbury v. Madison was not decided until 1803), and the Bill of Rights did not apply to state laws until the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1868.· Halil 1
Voting was hampered by poor communications and infrastructure and the labor demands imposed by farming. Two months passed after the election before the votes were counted and Washington was notified that he had been elected President. Washington spent one week traveling from Virginia to New York for inauguration. Similarly, Congress took weeks to assemble.· Halil
As the electors were selected, politics intruded, and the process was not free of rumors and intrigue. For example, Hamilton aimed to ensure that Adams did not inadvertently tie Washington in the electoral vote. Also, Federalists spread rumors that Anti-Federalists plotted to elect Richard Henry Lee or Patrick Henry President, with George Clinton as vice president. However, Clinton received only three electoral votes.· Halil 1
https://www.livescience.com/lost-monastery-discovered-england-first-king-coronation.html 'Lost' Anglo-Saxon monastery discovered. It might be where England's first king was crowned. "Edgar the Peaceful may have been coronated here more than 1,000 years ago."
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-01/uoy-hph013120.php Hot pots helped ancient Siberian hunters survive the Ice Age "A new study shows that ancient Siberian hunters created heat resistant pots so that they could cook hot meals - surviving the harshest seasons of the ice age by extracting nutritious bone grease and marrow from meat."
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