veng » posted to veng, history, and science
"Correlated with the evidence for cultural elaboration are signs of environmental and physiological stress. Analyses of [Upper Paleolithic] skeletons from southwestern France indicate that from the Aurignacian/Gravettian to the Solutrean/Magdalenian there was a decrease in human stature and an increase in evidence for nutritional stress. As these problems dissipated at the end of the glacial period, much of the evidence for social, artistic, and ceremonial complexity disappeared." From: European Prehistory. A Survey. 2nd Ed. Springer, 2011.
Halil » posted to Halil, history, and wikituesday
Führerbunker - Hitler took up residence in the Führerbunker on 16 January 1945, and it became the centre of the Nazi regime until the last week of World War II in Europe. Hitler married Eva Braun there during the last week of April 1945, shortly before they committed suicide.ührerbunker
Ragıp Soylu on Twitter "“When Turkish Embassy in Washington was hosting African Americans for social event in 1950s, it caused a diplomatic crisis. US Senate warned Turks not to take them in. The State Dep advised Turks to take African Americans from the back door. Turks refused. #MartinLutherKingDay”"
bentley » posted to bentley, history, and readingroom
Lithuanian Book Smuggler Vincas Juška, Late 19th Century - "For some context: Lithuanian book smugglers transported Lithuanian language books printed in the Latin alphabet into Lithuanian-speaking areas of the Russian Empire, defying a ban on such materials in force from 1864 to 1904. Opposing imperial Russian authorities' efforts to replace the traditional Latin orthography with Cyrillic, and transporting printed matter from as far away as the United States to do so, the book smugglers became a symbol of Lithuanians' resistance to Russification."
his shoes look very solid. besides faith and perseverance, footwear is the most important. ‎· fax ‎· 2
@artemandreevas, žiurėk, blia. Irgi amerikėčiai dabar. ‎· Cat d'Ivoire
Just for English-speakers, I'd like to translate my remark above, I meant: mostly these booksellers of forbidden stuff in Lithuania were Jews. ‎· Cat d'Ivoire ‎· 1
Halil » posted to Halil, history, and brits-irish
Found: Evidence of a Long-Lost Scottish Monastery "Archaeologists may have found where one of the country's oldest manuscripts was written. "
THE BOOK OF DEER, A 10th-century illuminated book of gospels, is believed to be Scotland’s oldest manuscript. It takes its name from the monastery of Deer, where it was allegedly written before the monks moved to nearby Deer Abbey in the early 13th century. The precise location of that original monastery has been lost for centuries. ‎· Halil
Now a group of archaeologists are optimistic they have finally identified its whereabouts. “We still need to do more excavation, but this the closest we ever got to finding it,” says Alison Cameron, the contract archaeologist who led the excavations near now-ruined Deer Abbey in Aberdeenshire. ‎· Halil
The Book of Deer is a tenth century illuminated manuscript from North East Scotland. As the only pre-Norman manuscript from this area known as “former Pictland” it provides us with a unique insight into the early church, culture and society of this period. Amid the Latin text and the Celtic illuminations there can be found the oldest pieces of Gaelic writing to have survived from early Medieval Scotland ‎· Halil
The Book of Deer (Leabhar Dhèir in Gaelic) (Cambridge University Library, MS. Ii.6.32) is a 10th-century Latin Gospel Book with early 12th-century additions in Latin, Old Irish and Scottish Gaelic. It is noted for containing the earliest surviving Gaelic writing from Scotland. --- The Book of Deer has been in the ownership of the Cambridge University Library since 1715, when the library of John Moore, Bishop of Ely was presented to the University of Cambridge by King George I.[1] ‎· Halil
Kit Chapman on Twitter “Science Twitter thread! This is about something a bit different. This is Captain Jimmy Robinson. He is the only person killed discovering a new element. It's an important story you probably don't know.”
Stanford Libraries on Twitter “It's here, the new @ParkerLibCCCC on the web. Free access is now available for this amazing collection--no paywall--and images are #IIIF compatible! Happy exploring, downloading and discovering! #mss
Halil » posted to Halil and history
Rubicon: In 49 BCE, perhaps on January 10, Julius Caesar led a single legion, Legio XIII Gemina, south over the Rubicon from Cisalpine Gaul to Italy to make his way to Rome.
According to Suetonius, Caesar uttered the famous phrase ālea iacta est ("the die has been cast").[2] The phrase "crossing the Rubicon" has survived to refer to any individual or group committing itself irrevocably to a risky or revolutionary course of action, similar to the modern phrase "passing the point of no return." ‎· Halil ‎· 1
The phrase in translation is used in many languages to indicate that events have passed "a point of no return"; for example: ‎· Halil
maitani » posted to maitani, history, and nature
Evolution of Alpine landscape recorded by sedimentary rocks
"Rock avalanches and torrents started to form V-shaped valleys in the Swiss Alps approximately 25 million years ago. This landscape contrasts to the flat and hilly scenery, which characterized the Alps a few millions of years before. Geologists applied digital technologies to unravel these changes in landscape evolution. They analyzed 30 to 25 million-year old lithified rivers in Central Switzerland and came out with a detailed picture of how the Alps evolved within a short time interval." ‎· maitani
"The current shape of the Alps with steep V-shaped valleys and torrents have evolved during approximately five millions of years. This time span might be perceived as very long, but it is a few seconds for geologists. This was the major outcome of a study by Philippos Garefalakis and Fritz Schlunegger from the University of Bern, Switzerland, who analysed thousands of pebbles at Mount Rigi situated in Central Switzerland. This mountain, which has been considered by Goethe as the Queen of the Mountains, because of its spectacular view, consists of lithified rivers with pebbles. These rocks have been transported by the Alpine rivers in the geologic past, and they document the rise of the Alps and the related change of the landscape. The scientists found out that the Central Swiss Alps evolved from British-type of hillslopes and flats to a rugged region with torrents and deep gorges. The results of their study have recently been published by the Nature-Group in "Scientific Reports"." ‎· maitani
So, no skiing for dinosaurs I guess. ‎· тот, кто потревожит ‎· 2
Mary Hitchman on Twitter “An account by a medieval Chinese visitor to Byzantium - "They are very skilled sexually, and clever at weaving ... Cereal is scarce." #wherearethecornflakes
"Du You, 'Tong-dian' (Beijing, 1988), chapter 193 - originally (I think) from the 'T'ung-tien', with this information being from the lost 'Jing-xing-ji'. Far more eloquently expressed by C. Zhiqiang, chapter 22 in Brubaker and Linardou (2007) - not at all my period I'm afraid!" ‎· Spidra Webster
Halil » posted to Halil and history

The King of Na gold seal is a solid gold seal discovered in the year 1784 on Shikanoshima Island in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. The seal is designated as a National Treasure of Japan.[1] The seal is believed to have been cast in China and bestowed by Emperor Guangwu of Han upon a diplomatic official (envoy) visiting from Japan in the year 57 AD. The five Chinese characters appearing on the seal identify it as the seal of the King of Na state of Wa (Japan), vassal state of the Han Dynasty.[2] The seal is currently in the collection of the Fukuoka City Museum in Fukuoka, Japan.[3] ‎· Halil
maitani » posted to maitani and history
Did ancient irrigation technology travel Silk Road?
1,600-year-old system allowed farming in one of world’s driest climates ‎· maitani
"Using satellite imaging and drone reconnaissance, archaeologists from Washington University in St. Louis have discovered an ancient irrigation system that allowed a farming community in arid northwestern China to raise livestock and cultivate crops in one of the world’s driest desert climates." ‎· maitani
"Lost for centuries in the barren foothills of China’s Tian Shan Mountains, the ancient farming community remains hidden in plain sight — appearing little more than an odd scattering of round boulders and sandy ruts when viewed from the ground. Surveyed from 30 meters above using drones and specialized image analysis software, the site shows the unmistakable outlines of check dams, irrigation canals and cisterns feeding a patchwork of small farm fields. Initial test excavations also confirm the locations of scattered farmhouses and grave sites, said Yuqi Li, a doctoral student in the Department of Anthropology in Arts & Sciences who discovered the site with grant support from the National Geographic Society." ‎· maitani
DPLA on Twitter “We'll take their side! African American servicemen at Mount Revard, France during WWI take a break for a snowball fight, from the collection of @umnlib via @MnDigLib. #museumsnowballfight
Eivind » posted to Eivind and history
Civilization Caused a Series of Disasters "Why did our prehistoric hunter-gatherer ancestors give up their freedom?"
"In Against the Grain, Scott argues that we still think of our world as the fruit of a series of undeniable advances: domestication, public order, mass literacy, and prosperity. We chide the ancient Greeks for relying on enslaved labor and the Romans for their imperial wars, but our own story, as we imagine it, still starts with those ancient city-states and their precursors in the Mesopotamian Middle East (basically modern Iraq), when some clever primates first planted rows of seeds, built mud-brick walls, and scratched cuneiform on a crude tablet. In our own minds, we are the descendants of people who couldn’t wait to settle down. The truth, Scott proposes, may be the opposite. What if early civilization was not a boon to humankind but a disaster: for health and safety, for freedom, and for the natural world? What if the first cities were, above all, vast technologies of exploitation by a small and rapacious elite? If that is where we come from, who are we now? What possibilities might we discover by tracing our origins to a different kind of ancestor?" ‎· Eivind
John Overholt on Twitter “So cool! Little Victorian wooden models used for teaching about geological formations: They look like delicious fudge in a candy box!”
Upvote this comment if your first reaction was like "hmm, a box of fancy chocolates" ‎· 9000 ‎· 10
Quite Interesting on Twitter “It might be a good idea if the various countries of the world would occasionally swap history books, just to see what other people are doing with the same set of facts. BILL VAUGHAN (1915-77)”
Bashir Mohamed on Twitter "“I want to talk a little about Violet King. You may know her as the first Black lawyer in Alberta and first Black female lawyer in Canada. She was also a self-declared 'lawless woman," stood up to hoards of bagpipe playing men, and committed her life to social justice. -thread-”"
Interesting thread. ‎· Spidra Webster
Robert McNees on Twitter “I can't not respond to this kind of comment.
The Hundred-Seven on Twitter “Today in 1949 @TuskegeeUniv alum Jennie Patrick was born Was 1st African-American woman to earn a PhD in Chemical Engineering”
Open Culture on Twitter “1.5 Million Slavery Era Documents Will Be Digitized, Helping African Americans to Learn About Their Lost Ancestors
Deeds Not Words on Twitter “Watch journalist Anita Anand tell the fascinating story of Princess Sophia Duleep Singh - descendant of Sikh royalty, goddaughter of Queen Victoria and pioneering suffragette. #Suffragette #PrincessSophiaDuleepSingh #AnitaAnand
Meet 100-year-old Emil Hopner, Nazi escape artist "Long-time Los Gatos resident Emil Hopner, who turned 100 today, talks about his escape tactics during World War II."
Halil » posted to Halil and history
Mongolian 'Game of Thrones' Revealed in Ancient Engravings "Stone pillars found in the Mongolian desert contain inscriptions revealing an ancient power struggle between leaders of a vast empire."
A 1,300-year-old structure containing 14 engraved stone pillars was recently discovered in Mongolia, hinting at a centuries-old power struggle that may have ended in assassination. ‎· Halil
Turkic people rule!!! :D ‎· Halil
The woman who posed as a man to study medicine at Edinburgh University "James Barry was something of a reluctant feminist pioneer, helping to break through the glass ceiling for women in the 19th century. But his accomplishment of being the first female doctor in Britain would not to be known publicly for 100 years after his death."
This Time-Saving Patent Paved the Way for the Modern Dishwasher "Josephine Cochran just wanted to stop having broken dishes" (by Kat Eschner)