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Concept of being "lost" does not develop until age 3. (отсюда http://www.amazon.com/Urban-Search-Managing-Searches-Environm...)
(toddlers and early preschoolers) Tend not to respond to whistles and calls. Prior training may alter this, but preventative programs at this age uncommon. ‎- nm
(preschool to young school age - 4-6yo) Often follow tracks, trails, plus shortcuts that do not easily appear or make sense to adults. ‎- nm
(4-6) Often instructed to avoid strangers. May hide or not respond to searchers. ‎- nm
(7-12) Visual-spatial (directional) skills much more developed than in children under 6/ Have a mental map of local area but it is often distorted or wrong. Common to become lost in a new setting. ‎- nm
(7-12) Frequently become lost due to short cuts (which may represent a longer route) ‎- nm
(7-12) Commonly involved in fantasy play, exploring, or adventuring. ‎- nm
(7-12) When lost use trail/road following strategy.This accounts for those who travel considerable distances ‎- nm
(7-12) More than half found in structures, vehicles, and/or yards. May be intentionally hiding to avoid punishment, gain attention, or sulking ‎- nm
(7-12) Drawn to wilderness areas within an urban area,social places, commercial places, and isolated places. ‎- nm
(7-12) Age group has many of the same fears and concerns as adults but with greater emotions. ‎- nm
ну и т.д. ‎- nm

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